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10-15-09 GAIT - Antalgic Gait(Painful gait Avoidance of...

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Antalgic Gait (Painful gait)
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Avoidance of weight bearing on the affected side Decrease stance phase time – because it hurts to stand on it Increase swing phase time Use assistive device to lean on to take the pressure off of the painful leg
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Ataxic Gait
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“Drunken gait” Problems with cerebellum of brain – cerebellum is responsible for balance Characterized by staggering and unsteadiness There is usually a wide base of support (WBOS) Movements are exaggerated Do balance exercises to help – shift weight o Put weights on patients (weighted utensils)
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o May help to decrease ataxia o Put weights on worker – better control movement
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Equinus Gait (Tip-toe Gait)
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Walk on tip toes Excessive plantar flexion Usually associated with fixed ankle deformity, contracture, or extensor hyperactivity Contracture – muscle tightens up; can’t stretch; muscle is shortened Wear high heels all the time ???CP
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Foot Drop Gait (Dorsiflexor or Steppage Gait)
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Patient lifts knee and slaps foot to the ground on advancing to the involved side Typical of patient with weak or paralyzed dorsiflexors – because they are not working concentrically ?
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