9-24-09 GAIT

9-24-09 GAIT - GAIT See picture Suggest hip flexors are...

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Unformatted text preview: GAIT See picture Suggest hip flexors are tight add stretching NEVER Confuse tight and weak when working with a patient Gait Analysis and the PTA The PTA will not evaluate a patients gait or write a plan for gait training The PTA is expected to know the normal gait pattern and is expected to recognize if a patient is ambulating with gait deviations Objectives Define the Gait Cycle and the phases of gait Know the ROM at the hip, knee and ankle during each phase of gait need to know ROM so you know how much to stretch patient so they can walk normally Know the muscles that are used in each phase of gait Know the type of muscle contraction that each muscle performs during gait types of contractions are eccentric, concentric, and isometric Objectives Be able to identify normal gait Know the gait deviations and the causes of each such as a stiff knee (not bending the knee while walking); or bending over at the waist Be able to recognize (assess) and correct gait deviations when observed on a patient Know the gait patterns Know how to adjust assistive devices (crutches, canes, walkers) Be able to instruct a patient in a variety of gait patterns Safely guard the patient at all times guard the involved or weakened side; use a safety belt or some means of hands on patient; should stand posterior lateral (5:00 or 7:00) so you can catch them Gait Cycle See picture Expressed in units of both time and distance Begins when the heel of the reference extremity contacts the ground and ends when the heel of the reference extremity contacts the ground again Gait Cycle There are two phases of gait , the stance phase and the swing phase In each phase of gait there are subdivisions We will learn the names of the subdivisions in both the Traditional and the Rancho Los Amigos nomenclature Stance Phase...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2010 for the course AHS 151 taught by Professor Bialstok during the Fall '09 term at Nassau CC.

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9-24-09 GAIT - GAIT See picture Suggest hip flexors are...

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