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Week 1 extras - What other cells produce hormones? Adipose...

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What other cells produce hormones? 
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Adipose cells produce LEPTIN,  There are pockets of hormone-producing cells in the  (but only affect their immediate area.)  Tumor cells (produce hornones in extreme amounts) 
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Are amino acid-based hormones hydophilic or  hydrophobic? (& what does this mean/effects of this?) 
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hydophilic = H2O soluble = CAN'T go through cells'  phospholipid bilayer 
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Steroid hormones are made of? 
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cholesterol (lipid/fat based) = fat soluble = can get  across the phospholipid bilayer easily 
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eicosanoids & their purpposes 
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(pain mediators) 
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which amino-acid hormone does not use the 2nd  messenger system to get into cells? 
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Thyroid hormone 
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how do ammino acid based hormones get into cells? 
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2nd messenger system 
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explain the 2nd messenger system 
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1. hormone binds to its receptor protien, 2. which binds inside  the cell membrane to an inactive G-protien. 3. The GDP inside  the G-protien is kicked out by GTP, so the G-protien turns on  (light switch). 4. Now the activated G-protien moves along 
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Week 1 extras - What other cells produce hormones? Adipose...

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