Airport Planning and Design

Airport Planning and Design - 59 Airport Planning and...

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© 2003 by CRC Press LLC 59 Airport Planning and Design 59.1 The Air Transportation System Civil Engineering and Airport Planning and Design • The Airport System: After September 11, 2001 • Focus on Planning • Ownership and Management • Investment Financing 59.2 The Airport Planning Process The Master Plan • Airport Issues and Existing Conditions • Plan Management 59.3 Forecasting Airport Traffic Large, Medium, and Small Hubs • Small Commercial and General Aviation Airports 59.4 Requirements Analysis: Capacity and Delay 59.5 Air Traffic Management Airways, Airspace, and Air Traffic Control • Instrument Approaches • Weather Effects • Navigational Aids • Criteria for NAVAIDs and Weather Observation 59.6 Passenger Terminal Requirements Passenger and Baggage Flow • Terminal Design Concepts • Sizing the Passenger Terminal • Airport Airside Access • Airport Landside Access 59.7 Airport Site Determination and Considerations Mandatory Control/Ownership • Obstacle Control • Orientation for Winds • Noise • Integrated Noise Model 59.8 Airside Layout and Design Runway Length • Runway and Taxiway Width and Clearance Design Standards • Runway Gradients • Drainage • Lighting and Signing • Runway Pavement Design 59.9 Airport Plans Airport Layout Plan • Approach and Runway Clear Zone Plan • Other Plans 59.10 Summary 59.1 The Air Transportation System From the end of World War II on, air transportation has been one of the fastest-growing segments of the U.S. economy. However, the terrorist actions on September 11, 2001, have created the potential for changes in the way airports are designed. Unfortunately, the full extent of changes is still unknown and their impact on design unresolved. Airport planning and design has been slowly evolving as the system has grown, and present design practices will remain unaffected. Some of the issues that planners will Robert K. Whitford Purdue University
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have to cope with in the future to effectively react to the type of terrorist activity that occurred are presented in this section. In 1945 U.S. commercial airlines flew 5.3 billion revenue passenger miles (RPM), growing to 104.1 billion RPM in 1975 and to a phenomenal 704 billion in 2000. U.S. air travel is expected to top 1100 billion RPM in 2011 [FAA, 2001b]. Commercial and commuter air carriers have more than doubled their enplanements over the last 18 years, from 312 million in 1982 to 669 million in the year 2000 — an average annual growth of 4.3% [FAA, 2001c]. This growth is expected to continue — passing the 1 billion mark by 2012 [FAA, 2001b] — at a rate of about 3.6% per year. Aviation continues to be an engine for economic development. Its growth has added both economic activity and congestion in the areas of airports. Chicago’s O’Hare airport alone added an estimated $10.3 billion to Chicago’s economy [al Chalibi, 1993]. Aviation in the New York metro area alone was estimated to contribute $30 billion to that economy in 1989 [Wilbur Smith Associates, 1990]. The contribution of aviation is expected to grow, but with that growth will come more congestion in the air and on the ground.
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2010 for the course ENGR CIVE 402 taught by Professor Thorton during the Spring '10 term at Colorado State.

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Airport Planning and Design - 59 Airport Planning and...

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