Incinerators - 13 Incinerators 13.1 Regulations and...

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© 2003 by CRC Press LLC 13 Incinerators 13.1 Regulations and Regulatory Background Incineration and Clean Air Laws • Incinerator Regulation Under the Toxic Substances Control Act • Incinerator Regulation Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act • Definition of Solid, Hazardous, and Medical Waste • Regulation of Incinerators • Oxygen Correction Factors • Regulatory Requirements for Risk Assessments 13.2 Principles of Combustion and Incineration Thermodynamics 13.3 Combustion Chemistry Particulate and Metal Fume Formation • Material and Energy Balances 13.4 Incineration and Combustion Systems Nonhazardous Waste Incinerators • Hazardous Waste Incinerators • Boilers and Industrial Furnaces 13.5 Air Pollution Control and Gas Conditioning Equipment for Incinerators . Quench • Heat Recovery Systems • Electrostatic Precipitators • Fabric Filters • High-Efficiency Particulate Absolute Filters • Gas Atomized (Venturi) Scrubbers • Hydrosonics™ Scrubber • Ionizing Wet Scrubbers • Packed Bed and Tray Tower Scrubbers • Dry Scrubbing Systems • Compliance Test for Hazardous Waste Incinerators • POHC Selection — Incinerability Ranking Many types of devices are used for incineration. The most obvious are incinerators, which are furnaces especially designed and built to burn wastes. However, wastes, especially hazardous wastes, are also burned in boilers and industrial furnaces, mainly cement and aggregate kilns. Approximately 50% of the incin- erable hazardous wastes produced in the United States in 1993 were burnt in cement kilns. Irrespective of the type of furnace used, as soon as it burns wastes, it becomes subject to all appropriate laws and regulations that govern the handling, storage, and combustion of wastes. When properly performed, incineration is highly efficient, destroying virtually all organic contami- nants, reducing the volume of material to be landfilled, and producing extremely low levels of air emissions. Incineration facilities frequently encounter opposition from neighbors and from political groups, and it can be argued that such opposition represents the greatest barrier to its widespread use. Incineration is also heavily regulated by federal, state, and local statutes and regulations. The regulations govern every facet of the design, construction, testing, and operation of all waste combustion facilities, and a thorough understanding of the legal aspects is essential to successful operation of an incineration facility. The regulatory requirements are briefly discussed below, but because of their complexity and the fact that they are subject to frequent changes, the reader is strongly urged to contact all appropriate regulatory agencies to obtain the latest regulatory standards and requirements before proceeding with any facet of waste management. A convenient development of the last 10 years is the posting of regulations, Leo Weitzman LVW Associates, Inc.
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guidance documents, test methods, and other information on the World Wide Web. The text includes references to websites containing detailed information. The websites are operated by the various govern-
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2010 for the course ENGR CIVE 402 taught by Professor Thorton during the Spring '10 term at Colorado State.

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Incinerators - 13 Incinerators 13.1 Regulations and...

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