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Life and Death Decision capital punishment video notes

Life and Death Decision capital punishment video notes -...

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Initial Material Morality RadioLab -where does the feeling of right and wrong begin, where does it come from, how old is it 1. WHAT ARE THE MAJOR QUESTIONS ADDRESSED IN THIS HOUR ON MORALITY? -9 out of 10 say yes, the second- 9 out of 10 say no 2. THE TROLLEY PROBLEM IS REVIEWED. WHAT ARE THE MAJOR FINDINGS WHEN PERSONS ARE ASKED ABOUT WHAT THEY WOULD DO IN THE FIRST? - people have no clue. They don’t understand why their answers are different 3. WHAT REASONS WERE GIVEN FOR DIFFERENT RESPONSES? -different regions of the brain are active for the two different questions (and responses) even though the questions are basically the same. He suggest that the human brain doesn’t hum along like one big system but there are subgroups- one for logical stuff- accounting, one that decides five lives is better than one, and one that doesn’t like killing people and specifically listens to the fat man when he is shouting “no”. So morality is based on what part of the brain is shouting the loudest in a sense. He thinks our sense of morality isn’t really cultural but deeply biological. 4. UPON FURTHER EXAMINATION WHAT ARE THE CONCLUSIONS OF JOSH GREEN ABOUT WHAT GOES ON IN THE BRAIN? - part of our brain that understands it’s wrong to push a buddy off a cliff but it does not necessarily understand things like taxation. 5. WHAT IS MEANT BY THE “INNER CHIMP?” - because the only way our ancestors made it this far is because of cooperation and sharing. ? 6. WHY IS IT THOUGHT TO BE IMPORTANT IN TERMS OF EVOLUTION? - if you remove empathy from morality, it all falls apart. 7. WHY IS COOPERATION IMPORTANT AND HOW IS IT RELATED TO EMPATHY? - the gorilla made a moral decision to help the boy because it recognized that the boy was in danger and was afraid 8. HOW DOES THE STORY OF THE GORILLA AND THE YOUNG BOY ILLUSTRATE THIS? - two areas of the human brain light up. This part of the brain is more highly developed in humans and makes us special. 9. WHEN YOUR BRAIN IS PULLED IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS, SUCH AS TAKING THE LIFE OF YOUR CHILD TO SAVE OTHERS, WHAT MAKES HUMANS “SPECIAL?” - lots of areas in the brain light up, trying to calculate the best decision. Whenever the two nodes in the frontal lobe become active in this situation, this means that the calculating area of the brain blocks out the visceral brain . When this happens, people usually choose to smother their babies. 10. WHAT SEEMS TO BE GOING ON IN THE BRAIN? - it is unique to humans 11. WHAT DOES IT TELL US ABOUT THE EMOTION “SHAME?” - they form a moral sense in the second period of life - young children beginning at 3 think it would be wrong to hit if there was no rule -yet other things like how to eat lunch can be changed 12. WHAT LESSONS ARE LEARNED THROUGH THE INTERVIEWS WITH YOUNG CHILDREN?
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