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Strict Construction - S trict Construction(1786~1861-The...

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Strict Construction (1786~1861) -The belief that the interpretation of the US Constitution should be based only on adhering to the ‘original intent’ of those who drafted the Constitution or the amendment in question. It is not always easy to see how original intent can be found out. See also judicial activism. Critics of strict construction contend that this approach does not always produce a just or reasonable result. Democratic Republican (1793~1794) -Democratic-Republican Societies were local political organizations formed in the United States in 1793-94 to promote republicanism and democracy and to fight aristocratic tendencies. A primary purpose of the societies was to disseminate political information, as they believed ignorance was the greatest threat to democracy. They worked closely with republican newspaper editors, generating a heavy flow of letters, editorials and essays. Cotton Gin (1793, Invented by Eli Whitney) - Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry in the United States. Prior to his invention, farming cotton required hundreds of man-hours to separate the cottonseed from the raw cotton fibers. Simple seed-removing devices have been around for centuries; however, Eli Whitney's invention automated the seed separation process. His machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states. Mobile Society (1800~1860) -Population doubled every 20 years – (‘til 1850 population increased twice as fast as any other nation). 1808, law that made import of slaves illegal, though some were smuggled. Most of the increase in population due to simple procreation. 1800 – 1849: average of 5 children per woman. Median age in 1820 was 17 (today it is 33). Daniel Webster, advocate for education, develops American Dictionary & American Spelling Book. Massachusetts stated teachers should teach: piety, justice, a sacred regard for truth, love of country, chastity, moderation, and temperance. Virtues
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