Anthro 2- Final Study Guide

Anthro 2- Final Study Guide - STUDENT MADE FINAL REVIEW...

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STUDENT MADE FINAL REVIEW GUIDE: FALL 2009 fCULTURE COUNTS: Chapter 7: Marriage, Family, and Kinship Bridewealth- where cash or goods are given by the groom’s kin to the bride’s kin to seal a marriage (mostly found in Africa). Clan- a unilineal kinship group whose members believe themselves to be descended from a common ancestor but who cannot trace this link through known relatives. Descent - a culturally established affiliation with one or both parents. It is an important basis of social group formation in many societies. Endogamy -a rule prescribing that a person must marry within a particular group. Exogamy - a rule specifying that a person must marry outside a particular group. Inheritance - the transfer of property between generations (the presence of kinship is particularly important for this). Bilateral -system of descent under which individuals are equally affiliated with their mother and father’s descent groups. Lineage - a kin group whose members trace descent from a common ancestor and who can demonstrate those genealogical links among themselves. There are different kinds of lineages, such as patrilineages and matrilineages. Matrilineal - a person belongs to a descent group of the mother. If the wife dies, then the rights of the land go to her brother. Patrilineal- a person belongs to the descent group of the father. Succession- the transfer of office or social position between generations. *Gender is not biologically determined, it is culturally constructed. Evidence of this is intersex people, and how their culture depends what they are, as with the Hijras of India. *Sex: biological differences between male and female *Gender: social classification of masculine and feminine roles that people assume. *Different cultures have different gender ideologies. Women are usually seen as deceptive in terms of sexuality, so many times cultures attempt to control them. *Some cultures have rites of passages for females and males. These help transform them into adults. The purpose of them is to help them learn about the culture they are from and the expectations they have from them. *Different types of societies have different gender stratification systems, which is how males and females are perceived. In some societies, male are dominant and control every aspect of their society. They tend to be more equal in societies where both men and women contribute equally to the keeping of their society.
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Chapter 8: Sex and Gender Although hijras are born male, they are considered neither man nor woman Hijra performances involve clapping, drumming, and the tinkle of ankle bells, which announce their arrival Hijras are thought of as “man plus woman” They adopt woman’s clothing, gestures, and behaviors. In some subarctic groups, a family that doesn’t have a son will select a daughter to “be
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2010 for the course SOC 152 taught by Professor Baldwin during the Spring '07 term at UCSB.

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Anthro 2- Final Study Guide - STUDENT MADE FINAL REVIEW...

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