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11_Memory_I_6 - information improves later recall LION...

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9/22/2008 1 Psychology 2: Introduction to Psychology Day 11 topics Finishing the senses Introduction to memory Memory processes Proprioception and balance Where is your body in space? - Sensory receptors are key Balance? - Vestibular system - Motion sickness Memory The ability to store and retrieve information over time KEY benefits -Learn from our past -More efficient processing -Focus resources on new things All about memory Monday (today) Memory processes Wednesday Types of memory Friday Memory disorders -Anterograde amnesia -Alzheimer’s disease Memory processes Bring information into mind ENCODING Store it for later use STORAGE Access memory for utilization RETRIEVAL Encoding Process of turning thoughts or feelings into an enduring memory Tricks to improve encoding? Elaborative encoding Strategic encoding
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9/22/2008 2 Elaborative encoding Memory task : remember words Levels of processing theory : Deeper processing barb2right Better memory later! Diploma Strategic encoding Memory task : lists of words Strategically grouping
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Unformatted text preview: information improves later recall! LION CHALK GORILLA PENCIL ZEBRA SNAKE PAPER GIRAFFE LEOPARD LION CHALK GORILLA PENCIL ZEBRA SNAKE PAPER GIRAFFE LEOPARD Storage Representing information in your mind Sensory memory Short-term/working memory Long-term memory Sensory memory HUGE capacity, SMALL duration Iconic memory (visual) Echoic memory (auditory) Short-term or working memory SMALL capacity, BRIEF duration (s) Holds 5-9 units of information Chunking increases efficiency Long-term memory HUGE capacity, LONG duration (hours+) Permanent repository of information 9/22/2008 3 Retrieval Bringing stored information to mind Improving retrieval? State-dependent retrieval Transfer-appropriate processing Retrieval failure? Tip of the tongue phenomenon Feeling of knowing, inability to recall Most frequently names, objects Why does this happen? Concept activated, speech isn’t? Applying this to your life: Study skill strategies?...
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