14_Learning_I_6

14_Learning_I_6 - Behaviorism and complex behaviors(fear...

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Psychology 2: Introduction to Psychology Day 14 topic Midterm 1 comments Classical conditioning Operant conditioning The realm of learning Associations and valence Guides future encounters and optimizes behavior This week in learning Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Observational learning Classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov (1849 1936) Food–harness – salivation Food–tuning fork – salivation McDonald’s–punching–avoidance video Key terms of classical conditioning Classical conditioning process Acquisition, Extinction and spontaneous recovery
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Some finer points Generalization Discrimination Little Albert John Watson (1878 1958)
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Unformatted text preview: Behaviorism and complex behaviors (fear) Fear conditioning and the amygdala video Operant conditioning Edward Thorndike (1874 ‐ 1949) Law of effect B.F. Skinner (1904 ‐ 1990) Operant behavior Reinforcement vs. punishment Positive vs. negative The Skinner Box Some features to consider Primary reinforcers Secondary reinforcers Overjusticaition effect Reinforcement schedules Two levels: Interval vs. ratio Fixed vs. variable Fixed interval (FI) Fixed ratio (FR) Variable interval (VI) Variable ratio (VR) Which is less susceptible to extinction? Reinforcement schedules Superstitious behavior?...
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14_Learning_I_6 - Behaviorism and complex behaviors(fear...

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