21_Intelligence_6

21_Intelligence_6 - Intelligence Psychology2:...

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Psychology 2: Introduction to Psychology Day 21 topics What is intelligence? Measuring intelligence Theories of intelligence Intelligence “Hypothetical mental ability that enables people to direct their thinking, adapt to their circumstances, and learn from their experiences.” Why measure intelligence? Advantages? Disadvantages? Binet and Simon’s Aptitude Test Initial motivation Classroom placement in French schools Objective , unbiased measure Think of the alternative! Using this measure Individual child’s score Average test scores across grades Putting a number on it Terman (1916) Ratio IQ = Mental age/actual age Compares between ages Deviation IQ ( Your test score/average score for your age ) X 100 Average = 100 and standard deviation = 15 Major theories of intelligence Spearman’s Two factor theory Thurstone’s primary mental abilities Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Carroll’s Intelligence Theory Lumper or spliter? Spearman’s Two
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21_Intelligence_6 - Intelligence Psychology2:...

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