MT2_sample_questions - Psychology 2 Principles of...

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Psychology 2 – Principles of Psychology Instructor: M. Souza Midterm 2 - Practice Questions Use this prompt for 1-3. Suppose that I wanted to classically condition my cat. When I present a spider cat toy, my cat Mollie curls into a little ball and gets very excited. Next, I yawn every time before I get the spider cat toy so she learns that the yawning can predict the presentation of the cat toy. 1. Using the example above, which is the unconditioned stimulus ? a. Mollie’s excitement d. Curling into a ball and getting excited b. Mollie e. Yawning c. Spider cat toy 2. Using the example above, which would be most likely to lead to extinction? a. Presenting Mollie with another cat toy that she likes b. Taking the toy away from her while she is playing with it c. Yawning but not giving her the cat toy d. Second-order conditioning with another stimulus e. None of the above 3. Suppose I yawn several times but don’t present Mollie with the cat toy. This would most likely lead to: a. Extinction d. Positive punishment b. Recovery e. None of the above c. Second-order generalization 4. Little Albert was conditioned to fear a little white rat. The fact that he was also scared of animals or things that appeared similar to the rat demonstrates what? a. Spontaneous recovery d. Reinforcement b. Discrimination e. Extinction c. Generalization 5. When individuals are arrested for driving under the influence (DUI), the law enforcement agency often takes away their driver’s license. This is a good example of what? a. Positive reinforcement d. Negative punishment b. Positive punishment e. None of the above c. Negative reinforcement
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6. The reinforcement schedule that lead to the highest frequency of behavior is/are: a. Fixed ratio and variable ratio d. Variable interval and fixed ratio b. Fixed interval and variable interval e. More than one answer is correct c. Variable ratio and fixed interval 7. Why might slots machines be so addictive to people? a. You could win on any given pull b. They operate on a variable ratio reinforcement schedule c. It is difficult to predict when one might be reinforced d. Addictive personalities may obsess over “what if” principles (i.e. the next pull is the big one!). e. All of the above 8. Which of the following is FALSE regarding Bandura’s Bobo Doll experiment? a. Kids who viewed that adult beating Bobo up were more likely to do the same b. Kids who viewed the adult abusing Bobo often generated novel ways to hurt Bobo c. Kids who viewed Bobo being treated nicely tended not to hurt Bobo d. This experiment shows the powerful influence of models on our behavior e. All of the above are true 9. Neurons in _____ appear to support observational learning in humans and non-human primates. a.
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MT2_sample_questions - Psychology 2 Principles of...

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