Study Guide for Chapter 1 (Psychology) revW10

Study Guide for Chapter 1 (Psychology) revW10 - Study Guide...

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Study Guide Kosslyn and Rosenberg’s Chapter 1 (Psychology) What does “mental processes” mean? Mental processes are what your brain is doing not only when you engage in  “thinking” activities such as storing memories, recognizing objects and using  language, but also when you feel depressed, jump for joy, or savor the  experience of being in love.  What does “behavior” mean? The outwardly observable acts of a person, either alone or in a group. Behavior  consists of physical movements, voluntary or involuntary, of the limbs, facial  muscles, or other parts of the body. A particular behavior is often preceded by  mental processes, such as perception of the current situation and a decision  about what to do next. What are the goals of psychology? Psychology’s goals are not simply to describe and explain mental processes and  behavior, but also to predict and control them. What are the three levels of analysis emphasized by the book?  Provide  examples of each.  1. Mechanism. On a computer, one event causes another. Each input  triggers a specific event, cause and effect. The computer program is like a  mental process, it specifies the steps the mechanism takes in particular  circumstances. Also applies to the human brain. 2. Content. In the computer- the specific information it contains and what’s  being done to it. The mechanism behaves exactly the same way if you  type a research paper, a love letter, or directions to a barbeque. The  content relies on the mechanism, but the mechanism and content are not  the same. Also applies to the level of the person and the mental contents  of the brain such as beliefs and feelings. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101-01 taught by Professor Gross during the Winter '10 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Study Guide for Chapter 1 (Psychology) revW10 - Study Guide...

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