Indus Valley Civilization - August 27 Thursday Around 3000...

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August 27, Thursday Around 3000 BCE, definitely before 2500 BCE • Non-Aryan • Pre-Aryan Discovered in 1920 First evidence of “Pre-Aryan” civilization in the Indian subcontinent Discovery initiated discussion on extra-Aryan cultures in India
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Urban civilization Ruins of at least 2 cities: Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Advanced architecture City Planning Progressive agriculture • Language • Commerce Use of metal (copper, no iron) Religious practices Single and Multi-story brick houses Stratification of society Social Structure: to support stratification Infrastructure for construction & maintenance
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Covered Sewers Cleanliness as a secular/aesthetic value? • Advanced engineering The Great Bath Purification ritual (?) • Sophistication – Inlet and outlet for water – Cleaning system etc. Evidence of complex city-planning City as the center of civilization/administration Center of power Flow of resources from villages to the city
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  • Fall '08
  • PANDHARIPANDE
  • direct IVC influence, earliest agrarian civilizations, Advanced architecture City, Multi-story brick houses

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