buddhism - • Comprehension of all • Interconnectedness...

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October 27 & 29
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• Hinduism: – Spread, Became more diverse – Often grew oppressive – 2 distinct traditions: • Brahmanism (Brahmana, the priesthood) • Śramanism (Śramana, the wandering monk) • Rise of Philosophical queries • Philosophers were from both Brahmanical and Śramanical traditions
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• Buddhism: the first world religion –Spread via • travelling scholars, monks • Political messages • Sangha: societies of monks • Mythology of the Buddha grew – Centuries between Siddhartha and the biographies – Buddhism was ‘organized,’ tailored for the householder
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1. Old Age 2. Sickness 3. Death 4. Wandering Ascetic
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• Gautama saw all his past lives • Interconnectedness of the past, present, and future • Causal relationship between past, present, and future • Comprehension of one/particular or individual existence
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• Births and deaths of all existences • What is true of one is true of all
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Unformatted text preview: • Comprehension of all • Interconnectedness of all • Knowledge of the 4 Noble Truths • Release from – Samsara, – craving, – suffering • The state – in which the ‘flame’ of attachment is blown out. – The state of knowledge • Experience of the ultimate reality (Sunyata): Emptiness or Void • Attitude: 2 – Knowledge of the first 3 Truths b Change in one’s attitude • Behavior: 4 – Without craving • Thinking: 2 – Concentration and meditation in the ‘truths.’ • Sunyata = emptiness • All-pervasive • The source of all forms/Samsara • Permanent/Eternal • Nirvana = merging into Sunyata, never to be born again • Craving b Actions Rebirth • There is no Soul (Atman) • Nothing permanent goes from one birth to another • One flame lights another flame • All existences/forms are transitory...
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2010 for the course ASST 104 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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buddhism - • Comprehension of all • Interconnectedness...

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