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buddhism 2 - Yana= vehicle Later Buddhism • Mahayana East...

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November 3
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Does not accept the authority of the Vedas Does not accept the permanence of Atman Rejected caste system Non-theistic worldview Does not believe in Brahman (Eternal Waters) The Budhha preached in Pali (not Sanskrit)
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• Anicca (Anitya) – Impermanence • Anatta (Anatman) – Absence of Permanent essence within oneself • Dukkha (Duhkha) – Suffering caused by becoming & attachment • Nibbana (Nirvana) – Release
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Buddha preaches – The Middle Way The Builder of the House – The house has to be demolished • Kisa Gotami – No medicine for death Poison Arrow – The pragmatism of the Buddha
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Early Buddhism Theravada/Sthaviravada/Hinayana: South Asia Sthavira=old/decrepit, Hina=lower/lesser Yana= vehicle
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Unformatted text preview: Yana= vehicle Later Buddhism • Mahayana: East Asia – PureLand – Zen • Arhat – Hinayana ideal – The worthy one who achieves Nirvana • Bodhisattva – Mahayana ideal – The prospective Buddha who stays back in Samsara to help others • Mahayana Mythology • Stories of Buddha’s earlier births • moral and philosophical guidance • The Banyan Deer • The goat who laughed and cried • Impermanence – Samsara – Maya vs. Mara – Anatta (vs. Atman) • What lies beyond – Brahman vs. Sunyata – Atman (vs. Anatta) • Karma – Cause b effect, (atman vs. anatta) • Ethics: Dharma/Dhamma – Duty vs. Compassion –One source, one destiny...
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