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confucianism - To create a society –of ‘gentlemen’ or...

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November 5, Thursday
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Indigenous/Folk Traditions Ancestor worship – Rituals Heaven, supreme being etc. Confucianism Kung Fu Tzu (551-479 BCE), Latinized as Confucius Later reinterpreted as neo-Confucianism Taoism/Daoism Lao Tzu (6 th century BCE) Buddhism Arrives from India, beginning of CE Mahayana Buddhism, takes on local colors
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Zhou dynasty – Replaced the Shang dynasty – Established a feudal monarchy – Mandate of Heaven Kung Fu Tzu – Lived during the Zhou – Educated himself – Became renowned ‘teacher’ – Named the Prince of Culture
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• Tian (Heaven) As opposed to ShangTi (heavenly Being)
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• Guiding Ideology of the Chou Dynasty – The ruler rules by the Mandate of Heaven – He has divine sanction • Confucian interpretation/contribution – The ruler rules by Virtue – Virtue is an attribute of Heaven
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Unformatted text preview: To create a society –of ‘gentlemen’ or Chun Tzu –by education –cultivation of virtue –by establishing the perfect continuity between • Heaven • Society • Individuals • Li – Ritual – Sacred vessel for the Ritual – Principle of Harmony binding Heaven and Society and Individuals Shu – Respecting others – Do not do unto others what you do not want to be done to you Tao – The ‘way’ Jen – Benevolence – Innate capacity for harmony – Behavior according to one’s position • Heaven vs. Earth (as different from) – Brahman vs. Maya – Sunyata vs. Dukkha • Ethics: Law without Lawgiver – Jen, Dharma, Dhamma • What lies beyond – Who cares? • Ultimate Goal – Perfection in this world as opposed to – Moksa, Nirvana...
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