Chapter 2a - Chapter2 EmilyGrijalva,Psychology201...

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Methods in Social Psychology: Chapter 2 Emily Grijalva, Psychology 201 August 28, 2009
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Overview of Social Psych Methods The Scientific Method  Theory, Hypotheses, &  Operational Definitions
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The Scientific Method   PROBLEM : Spontaneous social behavior is difficult to  study in controlled settings   SOLUTION : The scientific method - an objective,  efficient set of tools we use to investigate the world
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Some Definitions   Theory  –  an  explanation  of why an event or outcome occurs   Identifies the  underlying causes  of an event or phenomenon, something the  scientist has observed  Built on prior scientific work or intuition  Simple, coherent, and testable so that it may generate new ideas    Hypothesis  –  a  prediction  about what should occur if a theory is valid   Specific, tentative, testable statement explaining the conditions under which  something occurs  Derived from theory
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