Chapter 5a - EmilyGrijalva,Psychology201 September21,2009...

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Emily Grijalva, Psychology 201 September 21, 2009
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Today    Self-concept and Identity  Who am I?  The Self in Me Is it Me or We? Cultural Differences in Identity Self-Esteem: Liking for the Self
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The Person-Situation Interaction  Different people respond differently to the same situation  Example from book:  o  Two students both receive a grade of 55% on the same exam. A’tasha is  disappointed, but deflects the blame to the difficulty of the exam and  remains confident of her own abilities. Courtney is discouraged, blames  herself, and is uncertain about her ability to improve her grade  How do people and situations interact?  Situations and people o  Situations choose the person o  Situations change the person o  Different situations prime different parts of the person  People and situations  o  People choose their situations  o  People change the situation
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Dispositions   DEFINITION  : consistencies across time and settings in a specific type  of feeling, thought, and/or action, which differentiates individuals from  others  Also known as : Individual difference variables or personality traits  Examples of dispositions  SELF-ESTEEM:  represents people’s judgments of their own  worthiness o  People with high self-esteem (HSEs)  think positively about themselves  and consider themselves to be worthwhile individuals o  People with low self-esteem (LSEs)  evaluate themselves negatively and  are less confident about their self-worth   GENDER   PERSONALITY TRAITS   o   Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Extraversion, Neuroticism, Openness
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 SELF-CONCEPT:  all information about the self in memory  memories of past behavior, beliefs about one’s current qualities,  expectations for one’s future, all other self-oriented knowledge  IDENTITY:  characteristics that individuals think define them and  make up their most important qualities  more narrow than “self-concept” o  Who are you? (attitudes, values, gender, disposition…)  characteristics one considers as highly self-descriptive (i.e., “a  college student”, “an honest person”, “a brunette”)   How does identity form?  Remember social comparison and self-perception?
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Chapter 5a - EmilyGrijalva,Psychology201 September21,2009...

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