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chapter 5b - Chapter5 SelfConcept,Gender,and Dispositions...

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Chapter 5 The Person in the Situation: Self-Concept, Gender, and  Dispositions Emily Grijalva Psychology 201 September 23, 2008
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Reminders ** Quiz #3 ** Friday, October 2nd 15 multiple choice questions Chapters 5 and 6 **Review Session** Monday, October 5th ** MIDTERM ** Thursday, October 8th 7-9 pm Natural History Building, Room 228
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Today  Gender and Social Behavior Gender Similarities and Differences Causes of Gender Differences  Interactions Between Persons and Situations Self-monitoring Need for Cognition Achievement Motivation Uncertainty Orientation  Dispositions and Health Dispositional Optimism Intelligence Type-A behavior
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Correlates of Self-Esteem   People with high self-esteem typically have more certain self-views Expectation of success, approach situations hoping to demonstrate their  skill and garner praise  People with high self-esteem engage in self-serving judgments Attribute success internally, failure externally; recall information about  personal successes, exaggerate personal control over situation  People with high self-esteem are happier  Low depression, low anxiety, high satisfaction with life  People with high self-esteem have greater satisfaction with their  personal relationships More stable dating relationships, happier marriages, focus on partner’s  virtues
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But high self-esteem has more in its bag of tricks… NARCISSISM: a disposition that  represents the extent to which people have  excessive love for themselves and inflated  views of self-worth THREATENED EGOTISM: A hostile, aggressive response to criticism  from others, which has been linked to  narcissism
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Secure and Defensive High Self-Esteem   SECURE HIGH SELF- ESTEEM:   Positive self-view that is  confidently held, doesn’t need  reassurance from others to  maintain HSE   DEFENSIVE HIGH SELF- ESTEEM:   Positive self-view that is fragile  and vulnerable to threat; harbor  subconscious self-doubts and  insecurities, react very negatively  to criticism
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Killing Us Softly http://ww w.youtube .com/watc h? v=_FpyG wP3yzE
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More Ads Creepy!
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Discussion Questions Do you think that particular traits occur much more often in one gender than the other? If so, why do you think they exist
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Gender Similarities and Differences GENDER STEREOTYPES - beliefs and expectations about  the characteristics that are associated with men and women WOMEN:  Submissive  Emotional  Theatrical Nurturing Gullible MEN:  Aggressive  Not Emotional  Math/Science Oriented  Competitive Independent Gender stereotypes often exaggerate any real differences
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The Reality The Stereotype Less More Less More Females Males Females Males Aggressiveness Aggressiveness To save us time and cognitive effort,  we often  sharpen  the distinctions between groups and  soften  the differences within groups.
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