chapter 5b - Chapter 5 The Person in the Situation:...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5 The Person in the Situation: Self-Concept, Gender, and Dispositions Emily Grijalva Psychology 201 September 23, 2008 Reminders ** Quiz #3 ** Friday, October 2nd 15 multiple choice questions Chapters 5 and 6 **Review Session** Monday, October 5th ** MIDTERM ** Thursday, October 8th 7-9 pm Natural History Building, Room 228 Today Gender and Social Behavior Gender Similarities and Differences Causes of Gender Differences Interactions Between Persons and Situations Self-monitoring Need for Cognition Achievement Motivation Uncertainty Orientation Dispositions and Health Dispositional Optimism Intelligence Type-A behavior Correlates of Self-Esteem People with high self-esteem typically have more certain self-views Expectation of success, approach situations hoping to demonstrate their skill and garner praise People with high self-esteem engage in self-serving judgments Attribute success internally, failure externally; recall information about personal successes, exaggerate personal control over situation People with high self-esteem are happier Low depression, low anxiety, high satisfaction with life People with high self-esteem have greater satisfaction with their personal relationships More stable dating relationships, happier marriages, focus on partner’s virtues But high self-esteem has more in its bag of tricks… NARCISSISM: a disposition that represents the extent to which people have excessive love for themselves and inflated views of self-worth THREATENED EGOTISM: A hostile, aggressive response to criticism from others, which has been linked to narcissism Secure and Defensive High Self-Esteem SECURE HIGH SELF- ESTEEM: Positive self-view that is confidently held, doesn’t need reassurance from others to maintain HSE DEFENSIVE HIGH SELF- ESTEEM: Positive self-view that is fragile and vulnerable to threat; harbor subconscious self-doubts and insecurities, react very negatively to criticism Killing Us Softly http://ww w.youtube .com/watc h? v=_FpyG wP3yzE More Ads Creepy! Discussion Questions • Do you think that particular traits occur much more often in one gender than the other? • If so, why do you think they exist Gender Similarities and Differences GENDER STEREOTYPES - beliefs and expectations about the characteristics that are associated with men and women WOMEN: Submissive Emotional Theatrical Nurturing Gullible MEN: Aggressive Not Emotional Math/Science Oriented Competitive Independent Gender stereotypes often exaggerate any real differences The Reality The Stereotype Less More Less More Females Males Females Males Aggressiveness Aggressiveness To save us time and cognitive effort, we often sharpen the distinctions between groups and soften the differences within groups....
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2010 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Suarez during the Fall '09 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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chapter 5b - Chapter 5 The Person in the Situation:...

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