Chapter11a - EmilyGrijalva Psyc201 November04 2009 UPDATES...

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Emily Grijalva Psyc 201 November 04,  2009
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UPDATES!   Quiz #5 : Monday, November 9th Chapters 9 and 11 15 multiple choice questions
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Today   Definition and Varieties of Aggression Hostile and Instrumental Aggression Relational Aggression   Theories of Aggression General Aggression Model (GAM) Frustration and Aggression Excitation Transfer Social Learning Theory Cognitive Neoassociation Model GAM Again    Influences on Aggression Individuals Differences Alcohol Heat
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In the United States in 2002, there was, on average:  One MURDER ……………………  every 32 minutes One FORCIBLE RAPE………….. every 6 minutes One AGGRAVATED ASSAULT….  every 35 seconds One VIOLENT CRIME…………..  every 22 seconds Based on Federal Bureau of Investigation statistics
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Definition and Varieties of Aggression   AGGRESSION -  any form of  behavior that is  intended  to   injure  someone physically or  psychologically  It is a  behavior  (not aggressive feelings)  It is  intended (not accidental harm)  It is aimed at  hurting (not assertiveness or  playfulness)  VIOLENCE -  aggression that  is  intended  to cause  extreme  injury
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Hostile and Instrumental Aggression   HOSTILE AGGRESSION –  harmdoing that arises out of negative  emotions such as anger, frustration, or hatred  often impulsive  Goal = hurt target   INSTRUMENTAL AGGRESSION -  harmdoing that is motivated by  goals other than hurting the target  often premeditated  Goal = punishment/obtain something of value TYPES OF AGGRESSION ARE NOT MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE!  Aggressive behavior can be caused by several factors simultaneously  Most acts of aggression reflect some mixture of anger and a desire to  achieve more distant goals
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Relational Aggression  RELATIONAL AGGRESSION -   intended to damage another person’s peer  relationships (psychological rather than  physical damage)  Social exclusion, rumor spreading   Boys tend to exhibit physical  aggression, whereas girls rely on  relational aggression  CONSEQUENCES OF RELATIONAL  AGGRESSION?  Social maladjustment o   Relational aggression among  college students was associated with  peer rejection and antisocial  personality  Popularity
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Type of  Aggression Relational  Aggression Hostile  Aggression Instrumental  Aggression Definition Example
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Type of  Aggression Relational  Aggression Hostile  Aggression Instrumental  Aggression Definition Example Attempt to  damage  another’s  reputation  without  obvious  face-to-face  conflict Spreading a  rumor that  your ex- romantic  partner has  herpes
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