Chapter 9a - EmilyGrijalva Psychology201 October26th, 2009...

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Emily Grijalva Psychology 201 October 26th,  2009
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Final Exam Dates December 11 th 7-10 pm Conflict: May 11 th 7-10 pm Room 32 Announcements
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Today   Prejudice and Discrimination Today   Stereotypes: Cognitive Sources of Prejudice and Discrimination Two Costs of Stereotypes: Oversimplification and Negativity Stereotypes Distort Information Processing The Potential Vicious Cycle of Stereotypes Do Stereotypes Influence Our Perceptions If We Disagree with Them?   Emotional Sources of Prejudice and Discrimination Frustration and Prejudice: Scapegoat Theory Perceived Competition and Prejudice: Realistic Group Conflict Theory Self-Enhancement Motivation: Social Identity Theory A Unifying Model: Integrated Threat Theory
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  PREJUDICE -  a negative  attitude  toward members of a group,  which is often very strongly held (the perceiver “prejudges” the targets, disliking them based  only on group membership)  DISCRIMINATION - negative, harmful  behavior  toward people  based on their group membership (verbal rejection, avoidance, segregation,  physical attack, and extermination)   GENOCIDE -  an attempt to systematically eliminate an ethnic group  through banishment or murder   Stereotypes  are individuals’  beliefs  that members  of a group share particular attributes (negative stereotypes can provide the basis for prejudice and discrimination)
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Percentage of White Participants Who Report Being  Willing to Admit Blacks into Various Relationships  with Them 1949 1968 1992 Willing to admit Blacks  to:  Employment in my  occupation 78% 98% 99% My club as personal  friends 51% 97% 96% My street neighbors 41% 95% 95% Close kinship by  marriage 0% 66% 74% Percentage of Adult Participants Who Agree with the  Statement “It’s All Right for Blacks and Whites to  Date Each Other” 1987 1997 48% 69% Overall blatant  racism has been on  the decline for the  past 20 or 30 years
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Prejudice and Discrimination Today  Discrimination is now illegal  Social norms censure prejudice  Whites report increasingly favorable views toward issues such as racial integration,  interracial marriage, and Black presidential candidates BUT IT CERTAINLY STILL EXISTS…  Some groups are still victims of hate crimes:  Muslim Americans; gays and lesbians  Some people may just be very “good” at hiding their prejudice or may fool  themselves into thinking they are unprejudiced   According to Dovidio & Gaertner, subtle and ambiguous discrimination has  taken the place of the more blatant “old- fashioned” racial discrimination
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  AVERSIVE RACISM  - a “modern” kind of prejudice held by people who  do not consider themselves prejudiced and who would find such an 
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Chapter 9a - EmilyGrijalva Psychology201 October26th, 2009...

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