Lecture 7 - BA 310 Leadership II Transformational...

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1 BA 310: Leadership II Transformational Leadership
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2 Roadmap: Transformational Leadership What is transformational leadership? What do transformational leaders do ? Does transformational leadership work? How? Can you learn transformational leadership? Do you need to be charismatic to do this? What does “He’s a manager, not a leader” mean?
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3 Recall: How do we define leadership? 1. The “process of influencing a group toward the achievement of goals.” Robbins & Coulter 2. “The art of mobilizing others to want to struggle for shared aspirations.” Kouzes & Pozner, The Leadership Challenge So far, #2 has (largely) been missing.
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4 Two models of leadership : Transformational vs. Transactional _________ transactional __________Leaders : Guide or motivate their followers in the direction of established goals by clarifying role and task requirements. Emphasizes exchange - “you do this and you will get that.” Much of leadership and motivational theory live here. The concept emerged from the Path-Goal model. Henderson scores well, as we saw __________ transformational __________ Leaders - Inspire followers to generate extraordinary effort directed toward shared goals. To perform beyond expectations, to transcend self-interest. This gets at the second definition of leadership. Henderson is clearly NOT a transformational leader. The two models are complementary; the best leaders do both
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5 As Acting General Manager, Henderson had applied cost accounting to examining each section of the plant and correcting what was needed to improve operational efficiency . He was good at getting agreements with each unit supervisor on specific production targets and working to see that they were met . People knew what they were to do and whether they had achieved the agreed-upon goals . He made the situation comfortable and smooth-running . He was liked by those around him … Henderson as a transactional leader Established Goals
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6 What do transformational leaders actually do to inspire extraordinary effort? Bass (originator of idea) says such leaders do the “4 I’s”: I ntellectual Stimulation I nspirational Motivation I dealized Influence I ndividualized Consideration These terms are opaque, even if their content is fundamental Kouzes & Posner says great leaders exhibit 5 practices These are quite analogous to the “4 I’s,” but are much clearer For this class, learn those five practices “Embed” the content of the four I’s in your learning.
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7 Kouzes & Posner’s Five Practices & transformational leadership Challenge the process Inspire a Shared Vision Model the way Enable others Encourage the heart Intellectual stimulation : Stimulate creativity by questioning assumptions; challenge the status quo Inspirational motivation : Articulation of clear, appealing, and inspiring vision Idealized influence :
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