MC - 1) The "demographic equation": a) refers to the...

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1) The "demographic equation": a) refers to the difference between births and deaths in a population. b) refers to the transition observed in the relationship between births and deaths in a population with industrialization and development. c) refers to the sum of natural increase and net migration in a population. d) does not apply to urban population growth. e) refers to the difference between natural increase and net migration in a population. 2) A country’s population will likely double in 25 years, based on its current population growth rate. Its current annual population growth rate is: a) 6 % b) 2.8% c) 4% d) 0.4% e) None of the above. 3) A population pyramid with a narrow base most likely suggests that the population: a) is young and has considerable potential for future growth. b) is mature and will likely grow slowly. c) is young but stable. d) is mature, and growing rapidly. e) is putting undue pressure on local resources. 4) If the price of a non-renewable resource rises: a) potential reserves will decrease and estimated reserves will remain the same. b) potential reserves and proven reserves will decrease. c) proven reserves and estimated reserves will increase. d) estimated, proven and potential reserves will all decrease. e) proven reserves will increase. 5) Resource substitution tends to occur as: a) the price of a resource falls due to increased discoveries. b) a resource is depleted and prices rise due to increased scarcity. c) research and development delivers more sophisticated but expensive alternatives. d) a non-renewable resource is transformed physically into a renewable resource. e) b and c. 6) Thomas Malthus and Karl Marx held divergent views on the role of population in resource scarcity. Marx believed that: a) technological change will allow food production to expand more rapidly than population growth. b) migration and "charity" were the only humane and effective measures for population control. c) unequal distribution of resources, not population, was the real issue. d) a) and c). e) people are the ultimate resource and human inventiveness will solve the population problem.
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7) Which of the following statements about the global fisheries is TRUE? a) Marine capture as a proportion of global fishery production is increasing. b) Per capita availability of fish is declining because of the growing role of aquaculture. c) Climate change has the potential to do greater damage to global fisheries than overfishing, in the long term. d) “Pulse fishing” is a viable option for conserving fish resources. e) a and c. 8) Subsidies to fisheries are difficult to eliminate because: a) eliminating subsidies will encourage inefficient fishers to continue operating. b) subsidy programmes are detrimental to fisheries in the long run.
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course ENVR ENVR 201 taught by Professor Madhav during the Fall '09 term at McGill.

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MC - 1) The "demographic equation": a) refers to the...

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