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Unformatted text preview: profit. On a more general note, a report by the International Monetary Fund has raised concerns over the inadequate risk-sharing in public-private partnerships . This tendency can be demonstrated, for example, by the UNFPA private-sector initiative, which aimed at increasing access to reproductive health commodities. According to the initiative, governments were to give preferential tax and duty conditions and ease manufacturing and import regulations, as well as undertake and support market-related research, the donors were to provide support for marketing, advertising and marketing research, while the selected transnational contraceptive producers were requested to sell their products at affordable prices, and handle distribution and implement market-building activities. The initiative also suggested that the governments and the donors could improve the policy environment for private sector investment and security, and facilitate the building of an extensive distribution system so as to reduce the costs for the private sector. Transnational contraceptive producers were instrumental in the selection of the target developing countries, many of which had significant domestic contraceptive production . Conclusion
While globalisation increases the risk that infectious diseases travel from South to North, it has also increased the risk that major risk factors for non-communicable diseases travel from North to South. Currently, global public health policies are concentrated on selected conditions around infectious diseases and on the technological solutions for them. Addressing infectious diseases in the South is important. However, other health matters are increasingly being left for private actors to deal with. Addressing the most important risk factors of non-communicable diseases, namely tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy foods, would benefit from normative actions, including restrictions on trade and marketing . Simultaneously, global health policy making is increasingly aligned with industrial and trade policies, and is being done hand in hand with business, thus weakening the firewalls necessary for effective regulation and normative actions both at global and national levels. Acknowledgements
I would like to thank Mark Phillips for editing the language, as well as the editors and the anonymous reviewers for their comments on the earlier draft. References
1. 2. Koivusalo M, Ollila E: Making a healthy world. Agencies, actors & policies in international health London: Zed Books; 1997. Ollila E: Restructuring global health policy making: the role of global public-private partnerships. In Commercialization of Health Care: Global and Local Dynamics and Policy Responses Edited by: UNRISD by Mcintosh M, Koivusalo M. Palgrave i...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course ANT 4930 taught by Professor Young during the Spring '10 term at University of Florida.
- Spring '10