HUM2210, Chapter 03 - 3 TheHellenicAge /Contrastmodel,...

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3 CLASSICAL GREEK CIVILIZATION The Hellenic Age TEACHING STRATEGIES AND SUGGESTIONS The instructor can introduce this chapter with the Comparison/Contrast model, noting similarities and differences  between   the   Archaic   and   Hellenic   Greek   civilizations   with   emphasis   on   the   political,   economic,   and   social  institutions. The instructor can use the Historic Overview approach to set forth the principal historic divisions and  then give a more detailed analysis of the causes of the Peloponnesian War. Thucydides’ account of the war could be  effectively used along with an explanation of the changing “climate of opinion” in late fifth-century B.C. Athens.  The instructor could connect these events with Greek philosophy just before the time of Socrates.  The teacher should utilize the Reflections/Connections model to discuss Greek theater and its relationship to the  arts and civic institutions. Having the students read one or two tragedies will introduce them to Greek values and  ideals. Two or more hours of Standard Lecture on Greek philosophy are essential to lay the foundation of the major  schools of Western thought whose influences come down to the present day. Arguably, this will be the most  important set of lectures of the entire term. The instructor can adopt the Comparison/Contrast model for treating  Platonism and Aristotelianism; the discussion of these systems of thought must be in simple enough terms so that  students will be able to recognize them when they resurface in later philosophy.  A   variety   of   approaches   may   be   used   in   dealing   with   Greek   architecture   and   sculpture.   The  Reflections/Connections model will enable students to relate Greek values to the visual arts. The Diffusion method  can illustrate the changes that occurred in Hellenic art as compared with Archaic art. This method can also illustrate  the influence of the Greek Classical style on later revivals of this style, in particular as found in the United States in  the late eighteenth century. The Case Study approach will permit the instructor to note how America’s leaders  looked to Greece (and to Republican Rome) for inspiration regarding political systems and architecture. A summary lecture, using the Spirit of the Age model, should identify the most significant legacies of Hellenic  Greece and the common artistic and moral values that were expressed in those achievements.
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