HUM2210, Chapter 05

HUM2210, Chapter 05 - 5 ROMAN CIVILIZATION The...

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5 ROMAN CIVILIZATION The Pre-Christian Centuries TEACHING STRATEGIES AND SUGGESTIONS The instructor can use every one of the teaching strategies with this chapter. An introductory lecture, combining the Historical Overview model with the Diffusion approach, can present a brief survey of the 1,200 years of Roman history and show the evolutionary development of Rome from a small city-state to master of the world to an empire in shambles. The Diffusion model can also be employed to discuss how Rome conquered Greece but became, in the end, conquered by Greek ideals and art. The instructor can drive this point home with a Slide Lecture, showing Roman art and architecture’s dependence on Greek styles and models. An especially useful method for presenting Roman culture is the Reflections/Connections approach, relating political, economic, and social changes to shifting Roman values as manifested in sculpture, architecture, and history. The Patterns of Change technique blended with a Slide Lecture can then show the evolution of Roman styles of architecture. With the aid of the Spirit of the Age strategy, the instructor can provide a brief summary of Roman cultural achievements that stresses the unity underneath this complex civilization. A good conclusion to the Roman unit can be achieved by presenting Roman civilization as a Case Study of a society that self-destructs, not once but twice in its history, although with different outcomes each time. First, at the end of the Late Republic, Augustus saves Rome from collapse by transforming the republic into an empire; and, second, during the Late Empire, none of the emperors, despite heroic and innovative efforts, can halt Rome’s long and slow slide into oblivion. A Discussion approach is also appropriate when considering the causes of Rome’s decline and fall. LECTURE OUTLINE I. Historical Overview II.The Colossus of the Mediterranean World A.General characteristics of Roman civilization 1.Contrast with Greeks 2. The Roman character a )The agrarian tradition b )The sanctity of the family c )Religious values B.The Etruscan and Greek connections 1.The Etruscans a )A people with a high culture b )Their legacy to Rome 2. The Greeks of the Hellenistic Age a )A people with a high culture b )Their legacy to Rome C.Rome in the Age of Kings, 753–509 b.c. 1. Impact on Roman institutions 2. The first appearance of class struggle in Rome D.The Roman Republic, 509–31 b.c. 1. The Early Republic, 509–264 b.c. a )Defeat of the Etruscan overlords and the establishment of a republic 69
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b )The domestic crisis (1)Struggle between patricians and plebeians (2)The emergence of the Senate to leadership c )The foreign crisis (1)The threat of nearby peoples (2)Conquest of the Italian peninsula (3)Rome’s genius at dealing with conquered people 2. The Middle Republic, 264–133 b.c. a
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course HUM 2210 taught by Professor Hopkins during the Spring '10 term at Saint Peter's College.

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HUM2210, Chapter 05 - 5 ROMAN CIVILIZATION The...

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