092209 - 092209 Psych 11 Chapter 4 Learning and Memory...

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092209 Psych 11 Chapter 4 – Learning and Memory Learning Learning : Relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience Measured by recording RESPONSES Does not include temporary changes due to Disease Injury Maturation Injury Drugs These do NOT qualify as learning A Response: Any identifiable behavior Internal: faster heartbeat Observable: Eating, scratching Behaviorists Love Learning Behaviorists are psychologists who insist that psychologists should study only observable, measurable behaviors, and avoid making detailed conclusions about mental processes. Radical Behaviorists Internal states are caused by events in the environment or by genetics The ultimate cause of behavior is therefore the observable events, not the internal states Methodological Behaviorists Study only events that they can measure and observe They sometimes do use those observations to make inferences about internal events
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