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Unformatted text preview: September 24, 2009 &#2; underline &#2; bold &#2; Edward Thorndike (1898) Discovered Operant Conditioning He put cats in a Puzzle Box Cats learn to escape from puzzle boxes more quickly if the response selected produced an immediate escape Cats would try a lot of behaviors to open the box and gradually learn to more quickly select the one that produced escape Thorndike observed escaping from the box acted as a reinforcement for the behavior that led to the escape. Law of Effect Edward Thorndike If a response is followed by a reward , it will be strengthened If a response is followed by a punishment (or no reward at all) it will be weakened Gradually the correct response becomes strengthened the most and it overshadows the other responses. B.F.Skinner Made the Skinner Box Worked to determine what are good reinforcers and punishments BOX DIAGRAM REINFORCEMENT A response that ALWAYS results in a strengthening of the behavior POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT A particular response that produces something good e.g. a rat presses a lever and gets a food reward TWO KINDS OF POSTIIVE REINFORCEMENT Unconditioned reinforcers...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course EGR 012 taught by Professor Witfield during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.
- Spring '10