101309 - October 13, 2009 10. REASONING AND INTELLIGENCE...

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Unformatted text preview: October 13, 2009 10. REASONING AND INTELLIGENCE SPEARMANS PSYCHOMETRIC APPROACH AND THE G FACTOR Performance in tasks of mental ability was dependent on a certain general ability that he called g To account for the variations, Spearman suggested that along with the influence of g all tasks require specific abilities Therefore, intelligence consists of a general ability plus an unknown number of specific abilities musical, arithmetical, logical etc. TWO COMPONENT THEORY Cattell and later Horn argued that there were 2 kinds of intelligence (general)- Fluid Intelligence- Crystallized Intelligence FLUID INTELLIGENCE Refers to innate abilities and less influenced by culture or education, however vulnerable to decline with advancing age Consists of measures such as- spatial orientation- inductive reasoning CRYSTALLIZED (PRAGMATICS) INTELLIGENCE Crystallized cognitive skills are conceptualized to be highly dependent on and developed from cultural influences and resistant to changes with advancing age Consist of measures like- vocabulary- numerical concepts Example of Cyrstallized Intelligence Specific abilities that fall under crystallized intelligence:- vocabulary- world knowledge- knowledge of social situations e.g. what is a synonym for? GARDNERS THEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Howard Gardner has proposed that human being actually possess multiple intelligences- a variety of unrelated forms of intelligence...
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101309 - October 13, 2009 10. REASONING AND INTELLIGENCE...

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