111709 - November17,2009 CHAPTER15PERSONALITY

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November 17, 2009 CHAPTER 15 – PERSONALITY There is no man who is not, at each moment, what he has been and what he  will be. – Oscar Wilde PERSONALITY A person’s unique and enduring behavior pattern Unique, relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving Preferences – for how you handle situations, your sense of humor, or your  expectations of others Trait      – relatively permanent and enduring qualities – e.g. a consistent and long- lasting tendency to behave in a certain way Outgoing Shy Rude State      – a temporary activation of a certain behavior Being nervous before an exam TRAIT APROACH TO PERSONALITY Specify   a   manageable   set   of   distinct   personality   dimensions   that   can  summarize the fundamental differences among individuals People   have   consistent   personality   characteristics  THAT   CAN   BE   MEASURED. Adjectives BARNUM EFFECT Tendency for people to accept very general or vague characterizations of  themselves and take them to be accurate Fortune tellers (e.g. mediums, astrologers, palm readers etc.) “We have something for everybody” – P.T. Barnum
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course EGR 012 taught by Professor Witfield during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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111709 - November17,2009 CHAPTER15PERSONALITY

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