111909 - November19,2009 PERSONALITY

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November 19, 2009 PERSONALITY We can tell a lot about a person from the way they look WHAT INFLUENCES OUR PERSONALITY? Bronfenbrenner model PERSONALITY A person’s unique and enduring behavior pattern TEMPERAMENT Raw material from which personality is formed Inherited aspects of one’s emotional nature which includes: Sensitivity Strength and speed of response Prevailing mood and fluctuations in mood THREE THEORIES OF PERSONALITY Many personality theories Learning
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Psychoanalytic Humanistic PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY Sigmund Freud – turn of the 20 th  century A Viennese physician Became interested in personality and mental disorders when patients ills  had no physical cause Psychodynamic theory – emphasis on mental forces INFLUENTIAL CONTRIBUTIONS “talking cure” – therapy Therapist–patient Dynamics (e.g. transfer) Consciousness and its related parts Life force/energy Defense mechanisms (e.g. repressions) Oedipal complex Meaning of dreams Developmental fixations   Carl Young FREUDIAN SLIP An error in speech, memory, or physical action that is interpreted as occurring  due to the interference of some unconscious (‘dynamically repressed’) wish,  conflict, or train of thought
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PERS 5 Freud’s View of the Human Mind: the mental iceberg figure Conscious (small) – holds what you are aware of – You can verbalize about 
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course EGR 012 taught by Professor Witfield during the Spring '10 term at Aarhus Universitet.

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111909 - November19,2009 PERSONALITY

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