influential - elinor ostrom

influential - elinor ostrom - 1 Hung Nguyen Elinor Ostrom...

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1 Hung Nguyen Elinor Ostrom In a world that we are living today, many things were taken for granted without a second thought of its consequences. Each and every one of us tried to take in as much as we can for our own interests. However, when the actions are shared by many people, it’s unfortunately turns out to be a “mess” (like over-fishing caused many fishes to be on the endangered lists). That is the idea presented in Tragedy of the Commons , by Garrett Hardin, in which he claimed the only solution to successfully solve the commons problem is mutual coercion agreed upon (commons are managed by government or privatization). The question is, is it still works where the problems we are facing today are much broader, more widespread (global warming, climate change. ..). That is when Elinor Ostrom comes in, with a different solution. Elinor Ostrom is an outstanding individual who won the 2009 Nobel Prize Award in Economic Sciences: her research focused on the management of commons at a small level (local communities). It strongly tackled with the idea proposed by Hardin - Tragedy of the Commons in which he claimed that the What is interesting about this achievement is that Elinor Ostrom was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Economics, a field which was dominant by male in the past. Ostrom works is extremely important today because there is so many “commons” needed to be managed effectively and we humans tend to lean towards the idea that commons will ended in tragedy. An article in the Economist (1997) “Plenty of gloom” did mention several predictions that the world will eventually run out of resources, the author himself said: “… The trend in each is undoubtedly not benign, but it is exaggerated.” I believe that there is nothing exaggerating if
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2 the issue is happening right now at a very fast pace. In details, water security is on an alarm level in which it is predicted that most of the ice caped on the Himalayas and others mountains will be gone in 2100, along with the draining of rivers to keep up with the high demand both in agriculture and others human needs (a report from World Economic forum and U.N secretary Ban Ki-Moon). The concern here is how we human are limiting ourselves from “over- exploiting” the resources. Elinor Ostrom used the term “common pool resources” to describe
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course ENG 189 taught by Professor Welbeck during the Spring '10 term at Eastern Oregon.

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influential - elinor ostrom - 1 Hung Nguyen Elinor Ostrom...

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