influential draft 2 - elinor ostrom

Influential draft 2 - 1 Hung Nguyen Ms Cabral ENGL 198 a February 12th 2010 Influential Figure Elinor Ostrom In a world that we are living today

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1 Hung Nguyen Ms. Cabral ENGL 198 a February 12 th 2010 Influential Figure Elinor Ostrom In a world that we are living today, many things were taken for granted without a second thought of its consequences. Each and every one of us tries to get as much things as we can for our own interests. However, when the actions are shared by many people, it’s unfortunately turns out to be a “mess” (for example: the result of over-fishing is that it causes many fishes to be on the endangered species list). That is the idea presented in Tragedy of the Commons , by Garrett Hardin, in which he claimed the only solution to successfully solve the commons problem is mutual coercion agreed upon (commons are managed by government or privatization). The question is, whether it still works where the problems we are facing today are much broader and more widespread (global warming, climate change. ..). That is when Elinor Ostrom comes in, with a different solution. Elinor Ostrom is the one who won the 2009 Nobel Prize Award in Economic Sciences: her research focused on the management of commons at a small level (local communities). It strongly tackled with the idea proposed by Hardin - Tragedy of the Commons in which he claimed that the possible solutions are privatization and governmental intervention. What is interesting about this achievement is that Elinor Ostrom was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in Economics, a field which was dominant by male in the past. Ostrom works is extremely
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2 important today because there is so many “commons” needed to be managed effectively and humans tend to lean towards the idea that commons will ended in tragedy. “Plenty of gloom” ( Economist 1997 ) mentioned several predictions that the world will eventually run out of resources, the author himself stated: “… The trend in each is undoubtedly not benign, but it is exaggerated.” I strongly disagree because there is nothing exaggerating if the issue is happening right now at a very fast pace. In details, water security is on a high alarm level in which it is predicted that most of the ice caped on the Himalayas and others mountains will be gone in 2100, along with the draining of rivers to keep up with the high demand both in agriculture and other human needs (1). The concern here is how we humans are limiting ourselves from “over-exploiting” the resources. Elinor Ostrom used the term “common pool resources” to describe things that are completely free to use for humans such as water, fish, and tree. Such things were long been presumed to be controlled effectively by the government with rules, limits, taxes and punishment. However, Ostrom has been doing researches to claim that
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2010 for the course ENG 189 taught by Professor Welbeck during the Spring '10 term at Eastern Oregon.

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Influential draft 2 - 1 Hung Nguyen Ms Cabral ENGL 198 a February 12th 2010 Influential Figure Elinor Ostrom In a world that we are living today

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