influential person top 3

influential person top 3 - increasing risks such as loss of...

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1. Elinor Ostrom Elinor Ostrom is important to the issue of commons management because she had been doing several researches to show that people can control and manage efficiently commons. For instance, one of Ostrom’s study was done in Nepal that showed “farmer-managed” systems tended to be superior than government-managed ones (Water Resources Res. 1993; 29:1907– 1912. 2. Vandana Shiva Vandana Shiva is an influential individual that has made a big contribution for agriculture and genetic resources. Her analysis and works focused on genetic engineering and biofuel as a pioneer for future energy source. 3. the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment focuses on the changes in the Earth’s ecosystem and makes subjective solutions to deal with it. It pointed out that the world is suffering for many
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Unformatted text preview: increasing risks such as loss of species, diversity of life and resources. • 60% of world ecosystem services have been degraded • Of 24 evaluated ecosystems, 15 are being damaged • About a quarter of the Earth's land surface is now cultivated. • People now use between 40 percent and 50 percent of all available freshwater running off the land. Water withdrawals have doubled over the past 40 years. • Over a quarter of all fish stocks are overharvested. • Since 1980, about 35% of mangroves have been lost • About 20% of corals were lost in just 20 years; 20% degraded • Nutrient pollution has led to eutrophication of waters and coastal dead zones • Species extinction rates are now 100-1,000 times above the background rate...
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