10-class notes

10-class notes - TODAY class 10 Benefits principle (Baby...

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1 TODAY – class 10 • Benefits principle (Baby Jane example); Utilitarianism- Brander (4, pp 43-50; 55 – 59) McDonald’s Coffee case [readings package] • McDonald s Coffee case [readings package] NEXT CLASS : class 11 • Finish McDonald’s coffee • Moral rules and Rights; Rawls Social Contract Comm. 394- Barbara Spencer – Brander (4, 59 – 65) Philosophy of fairness – two basic approaches 1. Results- Consequences: An action is “good” or “moral” if it has good consequences or or moral if it has good consequences or outcomes. Benefits principle; Utilitarianism 2. Moral rules - Rights: Actions have intrinsic moral value that are independent of consequences“ Comm. 394- Barbara Spencer - “The ends do not justify the means“ - E.g. right to fair procedures.
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2 Baby Jane case • Background • What rights are involved? •“ Benefits Principle ”: the fairness of a policy depends on the distribution of benefits and costs Comm. 394- Barbara Spencer to the affected parties. – requires interpersonal comparisons of utility. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism : Each person ought to promote increases in the sum of all utility or happiness increases in the sum of all utility or happiness experienced.
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10-class notes - TODAY class 10 Benefits principle (Baby...

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