Study Guide - Exam 1

Study Guide - Exam 1 - Study Guide: Lecture Outlines –...

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Unformatted text preview: Study Guide: Lecture Outlines – PSYC 001 – Dr. Packer Week 1 ‐ Introduction Psychology ‐ definition Six Major Themes 1. Psychology is an empirical science Application of scientific methods Structuralism Gestalt approach 2. Psychology is a biological science Dualism vs. monism Linking anatomy to psychological function 3. Mind is adaptive (functional) Evolutionary theory Functionalism Mindbugs Not everything is an adaptation! 4. Nature and nurture are entwined Nativism vs. Philosophical empiricism Nature and nurture interact: o Language o Fear learning 5. People often unaware of influences on thought, feeling & action Explicit vs. implicit processes Non‐conscious associations o Priming o Coffee cup study o Hand‐washing study 6. Psychology crosses levels of analysis Biological, cognitive, clinical, social, cultural, developmental Week 2 – Methods of Psychology Empiricism: how to know things Complexity of psychology The Scientific Method ‐ idealized Conducting Research Observation: 1. Measurement: Definition & Detection Problems of definition o Construct validity o Predictive validity Problems of detection o Reliability o Power 2. Sampling Generalizing Law of large numbers Descriptive statistics 3. Bias Demand characteristics Double‐blind designs Explanation 1. Correlation Limitations of Correlations 3rd variable problem 2. Experimentation Manipulating variables Random assignment Inferential statistics (significance testing) 3. Drawing conclusions Internal vs. external validity Week 3 – Neuroscience & Behavior Split Brain Patient video Neurons Neuronal Communication Conduction Transmission Transmission Neurotransmitters Drugs’ effects on neurotransmitters Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Central Nervous System: Spinal Reflexes Brain ‐ Sub‐Cortical Structures Brain – Cortical Structures 4 Cortical Lobes Occipital Parietal Temporal Frontal o Social Brain Hypothesis Investigating the Brain: Which bits do what? Modularity fMRI: Fusiform Face Area Modularity revisited: Function isn’t fixed Ontogeny – plasticity Phylogeny – appropriation Physical and Social Pain: Overlapping? Behavioral evidence Neural evidence Week 4 – Sensation & Perception Sensation vs. Perception Change detection Absolute thresholds Difference thresholds Change blindness Signal Detection Theory Liberal vs. conservative response strategies Visual Sensation The Eye – parts of Phototransduction o Rods and cones Receptive Fields Perception: How the Brain interprets visual signals Contralateral control Dorsal & ventral streams Recognizing Objects Bottom‐up vs. top‐down processing Perceptual grouping – rules Image‐based object recognition theories Parts‐based object recognition theories Recognizing Location Monocular depth cues Binocular depth cues Motion depth cues ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2010 for the course PSYC 001 taught by Professor Dominicpacker during the Spring '10 term at Lehigh University .

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