Chapter6Review - Chapter 6 Review Chapter 6, Perception...

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Chapter 6 Review Chapter 6, Perception Selective Attention At any moment we are conscious of a very limited amount of all that we are capable of experiencing. One example of this selective attention is the cocktail party effect—attending to only one voice among many. Perceptual Illusions and Perceptual Organization From a top-down perspective, we see how, aided by knowledge and expectations, we transform sensory information into meaningful perceptions. Visual and auditory illusions were fascinating scientists even as psychology emerged. Explaining illusions required an understanding of how we transform sensations into meaningful perceptions, so the study of perception became one of psychology’s first concerns. Conflict between visual and other sensory information is usually resolved with the mind’s accepting the visual data, a tendency known as visual capture. The early Gestalt psychologists were impressed with the seemingly innate way we organize fragmentary sensory data into whole perceptions. Our minds structure the information that comes to us in several demonstrable ways: Form Perception To recognize an object, we must first perceive it (see it as a figure) as distinct from its
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Chapter6Review - Chapter 6 Review Chapter 6, Perception...

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