Chapter8Overview - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Chapter8 Learning...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 8 Learning  
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Learning   Learning relatively  permanent  change in an  organism’s  behavior due  to experience
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Association We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur  in sequence Aristotle 2000 years ago John Locke and David Hume 200 years ago Associative Learning learning that two events occur together two stimuli a response and its consequences
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Association Learning to  associate  two events Event 1 Event 2 Sea snail associates splash with a tail shock Seal learns to expect a snack for its showy antics
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Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning We learn  to  associate  two stimuli
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Operant Conditioning We learn to  associate a  response and  its  consequence
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Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov   1849-1936 Russian  physician/  neurophysiologist Nobel Prize in  1904 studied digestive  secretions
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Pavlov’s Classic Experiment Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning UCS (food in mouth) Neutral stimulus (tone) No salivation UCR (salivation) Neutral stimulus (tone) UCS (food in mouth) UCR (salivation) CS (tone) CR (salivation)
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Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s device  for recording  salivation
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Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning organism comes to associate two  stimuli a neutral stimulus that signals an  unconditioned stimulus begins to  produce a response that anticipates and  prepares for the unconditioned stimulus
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Behaviorism John B. Watson   viewed psychology as  objective science generally agreed-upon  consensus today recommended study of  behavior without reference  to unobservable mental  processes not universally accepted by all  schools of thought today
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Classical Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) stimulus that unconditionally--automatically  and naturally--triggers a response Unconditioned Response   (UCR) unlearned, naturally occurring response to the  unconditioned stimulus salivation when food is in the mouth 
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2010 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter8Overview - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Chapter8 Learning...

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