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Chapter9Review - Chapter 9 Review Chapter 9 Memory The...

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Chapter 9 Review Chapter 9, Memory The Phenomenon of Memory Memory is the persistence of learning over time. Psychologists have proposed several information-processing models of memory. We will use the influential three-stage processing model, which suggests that we (1) register fleeting sensory memories, some of which are (2) processed into on-screen short-term or working memories, a tiny fraction of which are (3) encoded for long-term memory and, possibly, later retrieval. Encoding Some types of information, notably information concerning space, time, and frequency, we encode mostly automatically. Other types of information, including much of our processing of meaning, imagery, and organization, require effort. Mnemonic devices depend on the memorability of visual images and of information that is organized into chunks. Organizing information into chunks and hierarchies also aids memory. Storage Sensory Memory Information first enters the memory system through the senses. We register and briefly store visual images via iconic memory and sounds via echoic memory.
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Chapter9Review - Chapter 9 Review Chapter 9 Memory The...

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