Chapter9Transparencies - Chapter 9 Notes CHAPTER 9 MEMORY...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 Notes CHAPTER 9 – MEMORY MEMORY : the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. I- THE PHENOMENON OF MEMORY Flashbulb memory : A clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. Information processing Encoding : The processing of information into the memory system (e.g., extracting meaning). Storage : The retention of encoded information over time. Retrieval : The process of getting information out of memory storage. Sensory memory : The immediate, initial recording of sensory information in the memory system. Short-term memory : Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. Working memory is a similar concept (to short-term memory) that focuses more on the processing of briefly stored information (RAM); visual and verbal. Long-term memory : The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. II – ENCODING Automatic processing : Unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings. Space , time , and frequency often encoded automatically. Effortful processing : Encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. Rehearsal : The conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage. Ebbinghaus retention curve – time to relearn nonsense syllables as a function of # of rehearsals initially. The amount remembered depends on the time spent learning . After learning, additional rehearsal ( overlearning ) increases retention. 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 Notes Spacing effect : The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long- term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice. Next-in-line effect : Worst memory for person who precedes you in introductions. Information presented seconds before sleep is not remembered.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/14/2010 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 6

Chapter9Transparencies - Chapter 9 Notes CHAPTER 9 MEMORY...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online