Chapter1Overview - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Chapter1...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY Chapter 1    Thinking Critically with  Psychological Science
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The Need for Psychological Science Psychologists, like all scientists, use  the scientific method to construct  theories that organize observations  and imply testable hypotheses
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The Need for Psychological Science Hindsight Bias   we tend to believe, after learning an  outcome, that we would have foreseen it  the “I-knew-it-all-along” phenomenon Overconfidence we tend to think we know more than we  do
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The Need for Psychological Science Critical Thinking   thinking that does not  blindly accept  arguments and  conclusions examines  assumptions discerns hidden  values The Amazing Randi--Skeptic
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The Need for Psychological Science Theory   an explanation using an integrated set of  principles that organizes and predicts  observations Hypothesis   a testable prediction often implied by a theory
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The Need for Psychological Science
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The Need for Psychological Science Operational Definition a statement of procedures (operations)  used to define research variables Example- intelligence may be operationally defined as  what an intelligence test measures
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The Need for Psychological Science Replication repeating the essence of a research  study to see whether the basic  finding generalizes to other  participants and circumstances usually with different participants in  different situations
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Description Psychologists describe behavior  using case studies, surveys,  and naturalistic observation
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Description Case Study Psychologists  study one or  more individuals  in great depth in  the hope of  revealing things  true of us all Is language uniquely human?
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Description Survey technique for ascertaining the self-reported  attitudes or behaviors of people usually by questioning a representative, random  sample of people Random Sample a sample that fairly represents a population  because each member has an equal chance of  inclusion
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2010 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter1Overview - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Chapter1...

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