PsychChapter1New - Ch. 1: Thinking Critically with...

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Ch. 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science The Limits of Psychological Science and Common Sense Did We Know It All Along? The Hindsight Bias Hindsight bias (I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon)- finding out that something has happened makes it seem inevitable Can seem like common sense after the fact Common sense describes what has happened more easily than it predicts what will happen Overconfidence Human tendency to be overconfident Anagrams The Scientific Attitude Curious skepticism What do you mean? How do you know? Show me the evidence Need the humility to reject our own ideas Critical thinking- smart thinking that examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions The Scientific Method Theory- an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations Hypothesis- a testable prediction, often implied by a theory Operational definition- a statement of the procedures used to define research variables Intelligence- what an intelligence test measures Replication- repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different
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PsychChapter1New - Ch. 1: Thinking Critically with...

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