solution_pdf - Perez(nap563 HW03 TSOI(58160 This print-out...

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Perez (nap563) – HW03 – TSOI – (58160) 1 This print-out should have 28 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points Consider the following statement made re- garding a book at rest on a level table: The two forces exerted on the book are the normal force directed up and the weight of the book di- rected down. These are equal and opposite to one another. By New- ton’s third law they are an action- reaction pair, so the normal force is always equal to the weight of the book. Do you agree with the statement? 1. Disagree; if an additional force acts down on the book, the normal force must also counter this extra force. correct 2. Agree; for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction (Newton’s third law). Since gravity pulls down on the book, to be “equal and opposite” the force of gravity must equal the normal force. 3. Disagree; the weight must be slightly greater than the normal force to keep the book in contact with the table. However, the forces are an action-reaction force pair because they are acting on one object. 4. Agree; a normal force only exerts enough force to keep the object from falling through. The normal force and weight are always equal, even when other forces are present. Explanation: If we were to put a weight on the book, the normal force would not be simply the weight of the book as the statement implies (see part 2). Note: This force pair is not a third law action-reaction pair. The force pairs in New- ton’s third law always act on two different objects! The action-reaction pair is ”Earth exerts a force on the book” and ”the book exerts a force on the Earth.” Caution: The explanation introduces some- thing not mentioned in the problem. 002 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points Consider a book on top of a level table while the book is being pressed straight down with a force F by your hand. The following figures show several attempts at drawing free-body diagrams for the book. Which figure has the correct directions for each force? Note: The magnitude of the forces are not necessarily drawn to scale. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. correct 6. Explanation: The normal force opposes both the gravita- tional force down and the F hand down. 003 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points What forces change when comparing the free body diagram before the hand was placed on the book to after? 1. gravitational and F hand 2. gravitational, normal, and F hand
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Perez (nap563) – HW03 – TSOI – (58160) 2 3. None of these 4. F hand 5. gravitational and normal 6. normal 7. gravitational 8. normal and F hand correct Explanation: There will be a change in both the nor- mal force and the F hand . When the hand is removed, the normal force is equal to the weight of the book. 004 10.0 points An elevator is being lifted up an elevator shaft at a constant speed by a steel cable as shown in the figure below. All frictional effects are negligible.
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