Exam_1_study_guide - Study GuideINTA 2100 Exam 1...

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Study Guide—INTA 2100 Exam 1 Define/Identify: Anarchy Anarchy is the absence of structured order and authority. A main premise of realist theory is that anarchy prevails in the international system due to the absence of a central authority. Balance of Power In realist theory, “balance of power” is variously defined as: -A distribution of power favoring one side or another -An equal distribution of power -Any distribution of power Hegemonic War Theory A war in which a declining hegemon and a rising power contest each other for the dominant position in the international hierarchy. The resolution of the war results in a new international system reflecting the emergent distribution of power in the system. The main idea in the theory is that the fundamental dynamic in international relations is changes in the differential level of power between major states . (Gilpin, “The Theory of Hegemonic War”) ( note: change= almost beyond the ability of statesman to control) Melos Melos is an island north of Crete. When the island refused Athenian demands to enter a tribute-paying relationship and instead sought to remain neutral in the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians invaded the island, “put to death all the men of military age whom they took, and sold the women and children as slaves.” (Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War ) Pericles Pericles was a political and military leader of Athens from 461 B.C. to 429 B.C. Corcyra Modern Corfu, Corcyra was a city state in Ancient Greece. In the 5 th Century B.C., Corcyra sought alliance with Athens to assist Corcyra’s conflict with Corinth (the original colonizers of Corcyra). The Athenian decision for alliance with Corcrya was one of the factors that ultimately led to the second Peloponnesian War. 1
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Corinth An independent ally of Sparta in Ancient Greece. Corinthian conflict with Athens over Corcrya’s policies was an important cause of the Peloponnesian War. Epidamnus Epidamnus was a remote city outside the alliances of Sparta and Athens, located in modern-day Albania. After democrats in Epidamnus revolted against the ruling oligarchy in Epidamnus in 436 B.C., Corinth supported the democrats while Corcyra supported the exiled oligarchs. Thus, the Epidamnus crisis sparked the rapid development of the Corinth-Corcyra rivialry, which eventually helped lead to the outbreak of the second Peloponnesian War. Megara An important port city in Ancient Greece which sat on a strategic pass, and originally an ally of Sparta. When Megara was at war with Corinth in the 5 th century B.C., the Megarians withdrew from the Spartan alliance and joined with Athens in exchange for help against Corinth. Athenian control of
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Exam_1_study_guide - Study GuideINTA 2100 Exam 1...

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