2100 test 4 notes - Cuba Whoweretheplayers RobertKennedy,attnygeneral RobertMcNamara,secdefense GeorgeBundy,natlsecurityadvisor

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Cuba Who were the players? Robert Kennedy, attny general Robert McNamara, sec defense George Bundy, nat’l security advisor Dean rusk, secretary of state David Hornsby Gore In British Gov’t Cousin of president’s wife Dean Atcheson Had been sec of state during Truman admin at the beginning of the soviets Tommy Thompson Had been ambassador to the USSR Suggested responding to the first telegram and not the second one MILITARY Chairman joint chiefs - Army – Max Taylor (father flex response) Chief of air force ops – General Curtis Lamay Chief of Naval ops – Admiral Anderson   Cause of Crisis Soviets began putting offensive weapons in Cuba Included il-28 medium range bombers Medium and inter-medium range ballistic missiles (assumed to be armed with nuclear warheads) Why was the admin upset? - Because Khrushchev had promised Kennedy that they would only put  defensive weapons in Cuba - Missiles were believed to upset balance of power - President had assured congress that the soviets would not do such a thing - All of this happened right between the congressional elections Similarity between US/Soviet competition and that of Athens and Sparta (according to Kagan) Foreign policy of US was status quo like Sparta Foreign policy of USSR was imperialist (designed to upset status quo) like Athens Athenian alliance in latter days was held together through coercion by Athens Ruled with an iron fist Was not the loose organization allies had believed they were entering into at the outset Why did the Russians do it? We don’t know for sure But following are reasons why they could have: - Did it to upset balance of power
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- Did it to close the strategic nuclear gap that had been opened between the US  and USSR  - Did it as a prelude to other aggressive moves (such as the seizure of Berlin) - Did it for domestic political reasons to reorient Soviet internal expenditures  away from defense and more toward light industrial consumer non-defense  items - To create an environment to trade US weapons in Turkey for the weapons in  Cuba (in order to get some form of leverage against the US) - Did it because of concern about bay of pigs o Soviets believed the US really would try and overthrow Castro Due to US attempts to assassinate Castro o Also thought invasion possible What was the background for the standoff? Background was: Perception that the US was facing an increasing number of setbacks in its competition  with the Soviet Union What did this mean?
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2010 for the course INTA 2100 taught by Professor Salamone during the Summer '06 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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2100 test 4 notes - Cuba Whoweretheplayers RobertKennedy,attnygeneral RobertMcNamara,secdefense GeorgeBundy,natlsecurityadvisor

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