369FinalReview - From Previous Chapters to Know Pyruvate...

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From Previous Chapters to Know Pyruvate Dehydrogenase RUBISCO What are Serine Proteases How do they work? Kinetic constants with units Inhibitors Reciprocal plots of V 0 and [S] Cofactors used this semester Intermediates/Substrates/Enzyme names Glycolysis TCA cycle Gluconeogenesis Oxidative phosphorylation Electron transport system Minor cycles Hemoglobin/Myoglobin O 2 binding curves Protein Folding/Unfolding β -oxidation Fatty acid synthesis 2° protein structures α -helix β -sheets β -turns 3 types of fats basic structure and uses for each Ketone bodies Recognize 20 amino acids 5 nucleotides difference between ‘-tides, -sides and bases, ribose, deoxyribose Photosynthesis Light and dark reactions Cholesterol LDL, VLDL, HDL, etc. Transport and use and synthesis in humans
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NEW MATERIAL Nitrogen cycle Urea Cycle Tetrahydrofolate uses Essential/non-essential amino acids Gluco- and Keto-genic amino acids Hormone binding and signal cascades Insulin and glucagons Receptors and Signaling methods In diabetes Histones and DNA packaging DNA Replication Semiconservative Replication forks Topoisomerases Proofreading Helicases Supercoiling Okasaki fragments RNA primers RNaseH Leading and Lagging strands Telomeres and Telomerases Trancription Differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes Promoters -10 region -35 region TATA box Start site Transcription factors Transcription bubble Enhancers and Silencers Trp operon Lac operon RNA polymerase II Transcription enzyme CTD DNA-RNA hybrid RNA processing Capping Poly(A) Splicing
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siRNAs DNA degradation Codon Genetic Code Start codon Codon bias tRNA cloverleaf folded structure aminoacyl site anti-codon modified bases energy to charge with amino acid Ribosome rRNA small subunit
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369FinalReview - From Previous Chapters to Know Pyruvate...

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