menshealth - Men’s Health Men’s Health Prostate Health...

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Unformatted text preview: Men’s Health Men’s Health Prostate Health Prostate Health Routine prostate exams should begin around age 50 and at age 40 for African American males or Unless family history or Symptoms indicate – especially in younger men BPH­ benign enlargement of the BPH­ benign enlargement of the prostate Common in older men Affects about 50% of man in their 60’s and 90% of men in their 70’ & 80’s The enlarged prostate can "CHOKE" the urethra causing: ­decrease force of the urinary stream ­having to "push" the urine out ­feeling as if bladder is not emptying ­increased urinating during nighttime ­intermittent stopping and starting of urinary stream Diagnosis ­ BPH Diagnosis ­ BPH Rectal Exam Urine test – checking for blood in the urine X­ray using dye Bladder ultrasound PSA – prostate specific antigen is used an a marker for decision about further investigation Treatment ­ BPH Treatment ­ BPH Medication to reduce prostate enlargement Prostatitis Prostatitis Inflammation of the prostate Can affect men of all ages Symptoms may include Treatment ­ antibiotics Lower pelvic pressure Pain during urination Pain or uncomfortable feel during ejaculation Epididymitis Epididymitis An inflammation or infection of the Epididymis. Can occur as the result of trauma or infection. Symptoms ­ Epididymitis Symptoms ­ Epididymitis Discomfort in the region of the testicle. Occasionally into the abdomen. Swelling and firmness in these tissues can also be a component of epididymitis Treatment Antibiotics and anti­inflammatory medications Swollen or Tender Testicles Swollen or Tender Testicles (Epididymitis) Source: Seattle STD/HIV Prevention Training Center at the University of Washington Diagnosis ­ Epididymitis Diagnosis ­ Epididymitis Examination by clinician Treatment ­ Epididymitis Treatment ­ Epididymitis antibiotics anti­inflammatory medication scrotal support Prostate Cancer Prostate Cancer Second most common cancer in men (after skin cancer) Approx. 400,000 diagnosed annually 45,000 death annually Five year survival rate is 85% Slow growing cancer in older men Risk factors – Prostate Cancer Risk factors – Prostate Cancer Age Rarely occurs before age 55 80% are 65 years or older African American men have highest incidence in world Family history Exposure to cadmium in the workplace (welding, battery making, electroplating) Symptoms – Prostate Cancer Symptoms – Prostate Cancer Early stage may have no symptoms Changes in urination Painful ejaculation Blood in urine Continuing pain in lower back, pelvis or upper thigh difficulty stopping or starting urination Diagnosis – Prostate Cancer Diagnosis – Prostate Cancer Elevated PSA Ultrasound Lump biopsy Treatment – Prostate Cancer Treatment – Prostate Cancer Radical prostatectomy Radiation therapy Cryotherapy Hormone therapy Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer Testicular Cancer Most common cancer in males 15 – 35 Earlier detected easier to treat Regular testicular exams should begin at age 15 Risk factors – Testicular Cancer Risk factors – Testicular Cancer Cause of testicular cancer is currently unknown Uncorrected, undescended testicles as an infant or young child. A family history Symptoms ­ Testicular Cancer Symptoms ­ Testicular Cancer Changes in the size or way it feels No symptoms Small, painless lump in either testicle; Any enlargement of the testicle; Feeling of heaviness in the testicle or groin; Dull ache in the lower abdomen or in the groin; Pain in the testicle or scrotum; Enlargement or tenderness of male breasts or nipples; or Blood in the semen. Diagnosis – Testicular Cancer Diagnosis – Testicular Cancer medical examination of the testicles biopsy of abnormal or suspicious lumps (removal of the testicle) blood and urine tests X­ray of chest – to check for spread of cancer Treatment – Testicular Cancer Treatment – Testicular Cancer Removal of testicle Removal of lymph nodes Radiation Chemotherapy ...
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