BLAH - Sushanth Boda Anthrobio 161 Anthrbio 161 Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sushanth Boda Anthrobio 161 Anthrbio 161 Study Questions Exam 4 General Principles for the Study of Human Adaptation Chapter 15 1. Are there correlations between dark skin and any of the following traits? - ABO blood type – no correlation - Sickle-cell trait – no correlation - Lactose tolerance (223-224 in text) – no correlation 2. What is the position of the American Association of Physical Anthropology regarding “race”? (225 in text) - They claim that race is a consequence of social history and therefore any variation is transitory. They claim all human populations derive from a common ancestor group and that there is great genetic diversity in human populations. 3. Is IQ a fixed quality? If not, how can it be increased? Does it seem to be a valid measure of intelligence? Why or why not? (226 in text) - IQ is not a fixed quantity an can be increased through teaching. It is not a valid measure of intelligence because, there are many kinds of intelligence. Those cannot all be subsumed with an IQ score. Since some intelligence qualities are not superposable, they cannot be measure as linear surfaces. 4. Define the following terms: -Adaptation (227-228) – whereby the organism has attained a beneficial adjustment to the environment -Acclimation (228) – The adaptive biological changes that occur in response to a single experimentally induced stress. -Acclimatization (228) – Response to multiple changes occurring within the lifetime of an organism that reduces the strain caused by stressful changes in the climate or by environmental stress. -Homeostasis (230) - refers to the ability of the organism to maintain a stable internal environment. All adaptive responses of an organism are made to restore internal homoeostasis. 5. What is the difference between adult acclimatization and developmental acclimatization? (228 in text) - Developmental acclimatization is based upon the fact that the organism’s plasticity and susceptibility to environmental influence is inversely related t developmental states of the organism.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sushanth Boda Anthrobio 161 The Human Life Cycle Chapter 16 and 17 1. Fill in the following table with the stages of development in humans (236 in text) Name of Stage Age Range Growth Processes At This Stage Embryonic 12 weeks Ovum is implanted in uterus. Organs start to grow. Fetal 12 th week to delivery Organs grow and mature. Placenta develops. Fetus gains body weight. At the end of this stage, fetus becomes ready for birth. Neonatal 28 days after birth Adapts to new environment and changes in physiology. Everything has to be obtained by the newborn itself. Infancy Up to 36 months Feeding though lactation and eruption of deciduous teeth. Childhood
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 7

BLAH - Sushanth Boda Anthrobio 161 Anthrbio 161 Study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online