Exam 1 Study Questions

Exam 1 Study Questions - Sushanth Boda Anthrbio 161 sec...

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Sushanth Boda Anthrbio 161 sec -003 Anthrbio 161 Study Questions Exam I Lecture 1a: Biological Anthropology 1. De ne anthropology and its major disciplines f a. Anthropology is the study of humanity = our physical characteristics as animals, and our non- biological characteristics collectively referred to as culture. Its divided into biological (physical), ethnology (cultural or social), archaeology, and linguistics. 2. What are the major components of a scienti c eld? f f a. The scientific field is made up of the scientific method. In it the problem is stated, a hypothesis is developed and tested through collections of data. Then if verified, it could become a theory. 3. Describe the purpose of biological anthropology a. The study of humans as biological organisms in the context on an evolutionary framework; also referred to as physical anthropology. 4. Why is biological anthropology considered a scienti c eld? f f a. It is considered a scientific field because it follows the scientific method. 5. How does biological anthropology differ from other biological elds? f a. It is different from other biological fields because it focuses on the evolutionary aspect of humanity unlike the other fields. 6. Describe the major sub-disciplines or specializations of biological anthropology a. Paleoanthropology documents the physical changes in organisms that can be deducted from fossils. Mainly concerned with the study of fossils. Primatology is the science that addresses the nature and origin of the similarities and differences I behavioral and biological traits b/w human and primates. Evolutionary behavioral ecology incorporates evolutionary theory to explain behavioral variability. Human Adaptation is concerned with understanding the biological and cultural mechanisms whereby populations survive under extreme environmental conditions. Human Genetics is the study of the mechanisms through which parents transmit their biological traits to their offspring. Human Osteology is the study of biological remains of mainly bone and teeth. Applied Anthropology is the study in which issues of body dimensions are involved. And finally, forensic anthropology is where they assist in the identification of skeletal remains of contemporary populations. Lecture 1b: Development of evolutionary theory 1. Trace the history of intellectual thought leading to Darwin's theory starting with: John Ray, Linnaeus, Cuvier, Malthus, Lyell and Wallace. a. John Ray was part of the Theological stage and he postulated that the world was all part of god’s grand design. Carolus Linnaeus established the first form of classification and he added class and order. Cuvier said that during catastrophes, all living things were destroyed, and new creation followed every catastrophe. Malthus claimed that every population is kept in check by the limited supply of resources and only the fittest will get them and survive. Charles Lyell found the real age of the earth, which showed that it was actually a lot older than people had earlier imagined. Wallace claimed that the appearance
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Exam 1 Study Questions - Sushanth Boda Anthrbio 161 sec...

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